Feed-in tarif

Rules of the Feed in Tarif
The Feed in Tarif (DM 19/02/07 published on the Official Journal of 23/02/07), has replaced the previous DM of 28/07/2005 and 06/02/2006 about the incentives for photovoltaic energy. The decree has been put in effect only after the resolution of the Authority for the Electric Energy and Gas (AEEG) 90/07, issued on 13/04/07, which has defined the conditions and methods for the distribution of the incentives.
The main characteristics of the mechanism of incentives are summarized as follows:

- the subject that demands the incentives and is responsible for the management of the photovoltaic plant is called
"responsible party" of the photovoltaic plant;

- the natural persons, legal persons, public subjects and co-owners of living units and/or buildings as responsible party of the photovoltaic plant can benefit from the incentives;

- the nominal power of the plants must not be lower than 1 kW;

- the demand of incentive must be sent to GSE only after the start of the photovoltaic plants;

- the maximum limit collected of the incentivable power fixed by the DM 19/02/07 is of 1200 MW; when this limit is
reached, as further warranty for the operators, it is fixed a "grace period" of 14 months (24 months for the plants which
responsible party is a public subject). The plants starting in this grace period can however benefit from the incentives;

- the tarifs are structured according to the size and type of the plant installed, with the aim to help the small-size
applications which are architecturally integrated in structures or buildings;

- a premium for the photovoltaic plants combined with the efficient use of the energy in the buildings has been
introduced.

The resolution ARG/elt 161/08 makes the mechanism of incentivation even more flexible of the current Feed in Tarif than the first one, and two advantages stand out from it:

- it is possible to start every section of the plant as if it is a plant in itself. The benefit is evident most of all for the big-size plant, for which it is difficult to make a single parallel to the network in a single solution. The number of starts can be made according to the number of sections in which the plant is divided.

- It is possible to connect several section of the plant in the same connection point observing the obligation imposed by the Decree 19/02/07 according to which a photovoltaic plant cannot share the connection point of the network with other photovoltaic plants.

EXCHANGE ON PLACE

The exchange on place, ruled bu the resolution ARG/elt 74/08, Attachment A – Integrated text on the exchange on site
(TISP) – and from the later resolution Arg/elt 186/09, that has adopted what established in the law 99/09, allows the
exploitation of the energy conveyed in the network according to an economical compensation parameter with the value of the energy taken from the network. In general terms, the conditions offered from the exchange on site are more
advantageous than the collection as they enable the payback of the energy conveyed in the network at the market's
value, with the addition of the variable cost per unit of the services, linked to the bill for the supply of the quantity of
electric energy exchanged.

The following scheme explains the mechanism of exchange on place:

COORDINATE PREMIUMS

The premium for photovoltaic plants coordinate with an efficient use of the energy is an increase of the incentive already approved according to the DM 19/02/07.
The benefit can be acknowledged to photovoltaic plants with a nominal power not higher than 200 kW that have the right to receive the incentives according to the 19/02/07 and that adopt the exchange on place supplying energy, even in part, to inside consumers or to unity linked to real estate unities or buildings, as established in the art. 2, paragraph 1 of Dlgs 192/05 and later variations and integrations (Dlgs 311/06).
If the responsible party, after the ammission to the premium, decides not to adopt the exchange on place, the right to the premium will no longer be acknowledged from the day next to the date of end of the exchange contract.
The DM 06/08/09 of the Ministry of Economy and Finance, together with the Ministry for the Economic Development, has introduced the principle of non cumulation of the fiscal deduction (55%) for the costs of energetic requalification of the existing building stocks, according to art. 1, paragraph 349, of the law 26/12/06 n. 296, with the premium for photovoltaic plants combined with the efficient use of energy as per art. 7 of DM 19/02/07. From 12th October 2009, date of enter in force of this decree, it is not longer possible to apply for the above mentioned premium for interventions that have benefit, or that will benefit, of deductions.

The application's methods for the premium are two:
1. existing building subject to works for the improvement of the energetic performances
2. new buildings completed after the enter in force of the DM 19/02/07


TARIFS

As established by the DM of 19/02/07 the photovoltaic plants starting from 1° January 2010 can benefit from an
incentive structured by the value shown in the following table.

   
PLANT TYPE
 
1
Not integrated
2
Partially Integrated
3
Integrated


A)
1 &Mac178; P &Mac178; 3
0,384
0,422
0,470
B)
3 < P &Mac178; 20
0,365
0,403
0,442
C)
P > 20
0,346
0,384
0,422
 



It is also established that he basic tarif can be increate of del 5% in the following cases, that cannot be combined:

a) for plants concerning lines B and C of column 1 (plants bigger than 3 kW not integrated) of the previous table, which
responsible party uses for its own consumption at least the 70% of the energy produced by the plant on an annual basis 
(self-producers according to art. 2 of Dlgs n. 79 of 16 March 1999);

b) for plants which responsible party is a state school or a public health structure;

c) for plants integrated in buildings, structure for any use (industrial, commercial, agricultural) as subsitution of coverings in containing asbestos (for more details, see the guide for the interventions valid for the acknowledgement of the architectural integration published on GSE site);

d) for plants which responsible parties are local authorities with residents number lesser than 5000 inhabitants, as
reported in the last ISTAT census.

The incentives of the Feed in Tarif cannot be applied to the energy produced by photovoltaic plants that have received
public National, regional, local or community incentives of capital account and/or in interests with advanced capitalization exceeding the 20% ofthe investment's cost for the construction of the same plant.
Finally, please note that the incentives cannot be combined with the Green Certificates and with the titles of
energetic efficiency.


CREDIT TRANSFER


GSE, in order to help the financing for photovoltaic plants, allows the responsible party the transfer of credits from the acknowledgment of the incentives to the financing subject.
GSE has subscribed a framework agreement with several banks for the opportunity to benefit from simplified methods for the credit transfer.
The credit transfer is solely admitted for the total amount of the credits and in favour of a sole assignee, up to a further expressed revocation.
The activation methods of the credit transfer establish that the transfer act with both signs of the assigner and of the assignee:

- is subscribed after the subscription of the above mentioned convention, with a public act or a private agreement authenticated by a notary, according to art. 69 of the Royal Decree of 18th November 1923, n. 2440;
- reports the number of the convention and the date of its subscription;
- underlines, in the cases in which the responsible party is a legal person, the delegation powers of the subscriber, acknowledged by a certification by the notary or a proper document of the Court's Commercial Office or of the Chamber of Commerce (with date of the certificate not previous than 90);
- is communicated by registered letter with return receipt.


GSE, with its own registered letter, informs the parts to have received the request of credit transfer and confirms the respect of all duties, even formal, mentioned above.
GSE recognizes the incentives to the assignee as long as he receives the cancellation.

The cancellation, with the signatures of the assigner and the assignee on headed paper of the assignee, must
- report the number of the convention and the date of its subscription;
- underline, with reference to the assignee, the delegation power of the subscriber, acknowledged by a certification by the notary or a proper document of the Court's Commercial Office or of the Chamber of Commerce (with date of the certificate not previous than 90);
- be transmitted to GSE by registered letter with return receipt.

This cancellation must include all the new bank details for the addressing of the payments, and the GSE makes it valid from the second month next to the communication.
GSE cannot be consider responsible for missing, uncorrect and/or late communications as above mentioned by the
assigner and/or the assignee.

The same methods must be used in case of (revocable/irrevocable) order payment, and also the revocation act must be subscribed by public act or private agreement authenticated by the notary.

   
TIPOLOGIA IMPIANTO
 
1
Non integrato
2
Parzialmente Integrato
3
Integrato
A)
1 &Mac178; P &Mac178; 3
0,384
0,422
0,470
B)
3 < P &Mac178; 20
0,365
0,403
0,442
C)
P > 20
0,346
0,384
0,422

Si evidenzia inoltre che la tariffa “base” può essere incrementata del 5% nei seguenti casi, tra loro non cumulabili:

a) per impianti ricadenti nelle righe B e C della colonna 1 (impianti superiori ai 3 kW non integrati) della precedente tabella, il cui soggetto responsabile autoconsuma su base annua almeno il 70% dell’energia prodotta dall’impianto (autoproduttori ai sensi dell’art. 2 del Dlgs n. 79 del 16 marzo 1999);

b) per impianti il cui soggetto responsabile è una scuola pubblica/paritaria o una struttura sanitaria pubblica;

c) per impianti integrati in edifici, fabbricati strutture edilizie di qualsiasi destinazione (industriale, commerciale, agricola) in sostituzione di coperture in eternit o contenenti amianto (per maggiori dettagli consultare la guida agli interventi validi ai fini del riconoscimento dell’integrazione architettonica pubblicata sul sito del GSE);

d) per impianti i cui soggetti responsabili siano enti locali con popolazione residente inferiore a 5000 abitanti come risultante dall’ultimo censimento ISTAT.

Gli incentivi del Conto Energia non sono applicabili all’energia prodotta dagli impianti fotovoltaici per la cui realizzazione siano stati concessi incentivi pubblici di natura nazionale, regionale, locale o comunitaria in conto capitale e/o in conto interessi con capitalizzazione anticipata eccedenti il 20% del costo dell’investimento da sostenere per la costruzione dell’impianto stesso.

Infine si ricorda che le tariffe incentivanti non sono cumulabili con i certificati verdi e con i titoli di efficienza energetica.

LA CESSIONE DEL CREDITO

Il GSE, al fine di facilitare il finanziamento degli impianti fotovoltaici, permette al soggetto responsabile la cessione dei crediti derivanti dall’ammissione alle tariffe incentivanti al soggetto finanziatore.
Il GSE ha sottoscritto un accordo quadro con numerosi istituti di credito che consente di avvalersi di modalità semplificate per la cessione del credito.
La cessione dei crediti è ammessa esclusivamente per la totalità degli stessi e a favore di un unico cessionario sino a eventuale revoca espressa.
Le modalità di attivazione della cessione dei crediti prevedono che l’atto di cessione a firma congiunta del cedente e del cessionario:

- sia stipulato, a valle della sottoscrizione della suddetta convenzione, per atto pubblico o scrittura privata autenticata da notaio, ai sensi dell’art. 69 del Regio Decreto del 18 novembre 1923, n. 2440;
- riporti il numero della convenzione e la data della sua sottoscrizione;
- dia evidenza, nei casi in cui il soggetto responsabile sia una persona giuridica, dei poteri di rappresentanza del sottoscrittore, attestati da idonea certificazione notarile o idoneo documento della Cancelleria Commerciale del Tribunale o della C.C.I.A.A. (con data del certificato non anteriore a 90 giorni);
- sia notificato a mezzo lettera raccomandata con avviso di ricevimento.

Il GSE, con propria lettera raccomandata, comunica alle parti di aver preso atto della richiesta di cessione dei crediti e del rispetto di tutti gli adempimenti, anche formali, sopra elencati.
Il GSE riconosce le tariffe incentivanti al soggetto cessionario fintanto che gli venga notificata la revoca.

Tale revoca, a firma congiunta del cedente e del cessionario su carta intestata del cessionario, deve:
- riportare il numero della convenzione e la data della sua sottoscrizione;
- dare evidenza, in relazione al cessionario, dei poteri di rappresentanza del sottoscrittore, attestati da idonea certificazione notarile o idoneo documento della Cancelleria Commerciale del Tribunale o della C.C.I.A.A. (con data del certificato non anteriore a 90 giorni);
- essere notificata al GSE mediante l’invio di lettera raccomandata con avviso di ricevimento.

Tale revoca, che deve contenere le nuove coordinate bancarie per la domiciliazione dei pagamenti, viene resa operativa dal GSE a partire dal secondo mese successivo alla notifica.

Il GSE non può essere considerato responsabile in caso di mancate, errate e/o ritardate comunicazioni di cui sopra da parte del cedente e/o cessionario.
Le stesse modalità devono essere seguite nei casi di mandato all’incasso (revocabile/irrevocabile), salvo che anche il relativo atto di revoca deve essere stipulato per atto pubblico o scrittura privata autenticata da notaio.

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